POCKET GUIDE OF UNIFORM INSIGNIA, 1943
CHINA (REPUBLIC of CHINA)
★ Outdoors, the Chinese soldier salutes by hand but inside he executes a slight bow from attention. A junior of any rank salutes his seniors and addresses them not by rank but by the job assigned, such as "Company Commander" or "Section Leader." The Chinese soldier sometimes wears a removable band around his left arm to denote his outfit, and he proudly stands at attention when he hears the phrase "Long live Generalissimo!"
British Empire. Brilish soldiers salute only when covered and then by raising the hand, palm outward, to the forehead in a circular motion. Noncoms do not salute each other, but salute all commissioned officers. Divisional insignia often appear on the sleeve near the shoulder and may carry the picture of anything from a tank to a Panda.
★ "Mon Capitaine” (My Captain) is the way you may hear a French soldier address his commander. Usually the phrase "Je vous présente mes respects” (I present you my regards) will follow. French soldiers never salute uncovered, every junior salutes his senior, and privates are addressed as "Soldat” (Soldier). Otherwise French military courtesies vary but slightly from our own American traditions.